The Cheyennes and Arapahos are two distinct tribes with distinct histories.
Today, the Cheyenne and Arapaho are federally recognized as one tribe and known as the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes with 12,000 enrolled members. Their headquarters are in Concho, Oklahoma.
While the tribes function as one Nation, each tribe still maintains their culture, traditions, customs, social dances, ceremonies, and languages.
The Cheyenne people were once located near the Great Lakes in present-day Minnesota. They were initially sedentary people – farming and raising crops of their main food sources – before later becoming hunters and gatherers.
Around 1796, while living and hunting buffalo on the Central Great Plains, the Arapaho people migrated to camps along the Cheyenne River near the Black Hills in what is now South Dakota. It is said that this is the area where the Cheyenne became allies with the Arapaho and, in the early 1800s, they began to camp, hunt, and live together.